Characterization of the power handling capability of an S-band double disc gas cooled microwave window

A. Neuber, P. Ferguson, K. Hendricks, D. Hemmert, H. Krompholz, L. L. Hatfield, M. Kristiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The S-Band double disc microwave window comprises a rectangular waveguide to circular pillbox transition with two separate high purity, TiN coated Alumina discs brazed into the pillbox. The geometrical dimensions are optimized for minimum electromagnetic wave reflection at a microwave frequency of 2.85 GHz in TE10 mode. The window is designed for power levels up to a few 100 MW with several microseconds pulse duration. Crucial for the power handling capability is the gas species and pressure of the gas flow applied for cooling the Alumina discs. The window has been incorporated in a resonant S-Band ring that provides a maximum power of about 100 MW for several microseconds. Since only about 2 J are stored in the ring at any time, a window failure will not result in catastrophic destruction of the window by a single shot. This makes it possible to find the maximum power the window will transmit as a function of pressure and gas species without destroying the window when coming close to or moving into the breakdown regime. Diagnostics include upstream end-on observation of the window with an intensified CCD camera, downstream end-on observation with a nanosecond resolution photodiode and side-on observation of the space between the Alumina discs with a photomultiplier. Also, time resolved forward and reflected microwave power has been measured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
StatePublished - 1999
EventThe 26th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS99) - Monterey, CA, USA
Duration: Jun 20 1999Jun 24 1999


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