Characterization of jet injection efficiency with mouse cadavers

Jeremy O. Marston, Carla M.R. Lacerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Needle-free drug delivery is highly sought after for reduction in sharps waste, prevention of needle-stick injuries, and potential for improved drug dispersion and uptake. Whilst there is a wealth of literature on the array of different delivery methods, jet injection is proposed as the sole candidate for delivery of viscous fluids, which is especially relevant with the advent of DNA-based vaccines. The focus of this study was therefore to assess the role of viscosity and jet configuration (i.e. stand-off relative to the skin)upon injection efficiency for a fixed spring-loaded system (Bioject ID Pen). We performed this assessment in the context of mouse cadavers and found that the dominant factor in determining success rates was the time from euthanasia, which was taken as a proxy for the stiffness of the underlying tissue. For overall injection efficiency, ANOVA tests indicated that stiffness was highly significant (P < < 0.001), stand-off was moderately significant (P < 0.1), and viscosity was insignificant. In contrast, both viscosity and standoff were found to be significant (P < 0.01)when evaluating the percentage delivered intradermally. Using high-resolution micro-computed tomography (μ-CT), we also determined the depth and overall dispersion pattern immediately after injection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
StatePublished - Jul 10 2019


  • Intradermal
  • Intramuscular
  • Liquid jet
  • Mouse cadaver
  • Needle-free injection


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of jet injection efficiency with mouse cadavers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this