In this work, the authors report step-flow growth mode of InN on  oriented GaN templates, using a production-style molecular beam epitaxy system, Veeco GEN200, equipped with a plasma source. Using adaptive growth conditions, they have obtained a surface morphology that exhibits the step-flow features. The root mean squared roughness over an area of 5×5 μ m2 is 1.4 nm with monolayer height terrace steps (0.281 nm), based on atomic force microscopy. It has been found that the presence of In droplets leads to defective surface morphology. From x-ray diffraction, they estimate edge and screw dislocation densities. The former is dominant over the latter. Micro-Raman spectra reveal narrow E22 phonon lines consistent with excellent crystalline quality of the epitaxial layers. The Hall mobility of 1 μm thick InN layers, grown in step-flow mode, is slightly higher than 1400 cm2 V s, while for other growth conditions yielding a smooth surface with no well-defined steps, mobility as high as 1904 cm2 V s at room temperature has been measured. The samples exhibit high intensity photoluminescence (PL) with a corresponding band edge that shifts with free carrier concentration. For the lowest carrier concentration of 5.6× 1017 cm-3, they observe PL emission at ∼0.64 eV.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
|Published - 2008