Characterization of Cr(VI) binding and reduction to Cr(III) by the agricultural byproducts of Avena monida (Oat) biomass

J. L. Gardea-Torresdey, K. J. Tiemann, V. Armendariz, L. Bess-Oberto, R. R. Chianelli, J. Rios, J. G. Parsons, G. Gamez

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224 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromium contamination of the environment has become an important issue due to the potential health threat it poses. Conventional technologies to clean up heavy metal ions from contaminated waters have been utilized, but these technologies are not cost-effective. However, the use of agricultural waste byproducts for the removal of Cr(VI) from contaminated waters may be a new cost-effective alternative. Oat byproducts from the Juarez Valley in Mexico were studied for the ability to bind Cr(VI) under different temperature and time conditions. The metal binding ability of oat byproducts was calculated from experimental data collected at temperatures of 8, 26, and 54 °C, and time exposures of 1, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h at each temperature. These results showed that the binding of Cr(VI) to oat biomass increased as time and temperature increased. The bound chromium was recovered from the oat biomass by treatment with 0.2 M HCl. Through the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) was determined to occur by the oat byproducts. These results indicate that the use of agricultural waste byproducts could be a better alternative for the removal and subsequent reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) from contaminated waters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-188
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume80
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2000

Keywords

  • Agricultural byproducts
  • Bioreduction
  • Chromium(VI)
  • EXAFS
  • Oat
  • XANES

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