Changes of electric field, aerosol, and wind covariance in different blowing dust days in West Texas

Karin Ardon-Dryer, Vanna Chmielewski, Eric C. Bruning, Xia Xueting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Blowing dust events are common meteorological phenomena that can influence the atmospheric vertical electric field (Ez). In this work we examine different local blowing dust days in Lubbock, Texas in order to understand their impact on the local vertical electric field, and the relationships of the vertical Ez to horizontal wind speeds, visibility, relative humidity, temperature and PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm). All blowing dust days had an increase in Ez, but they did not generate similar Ez patterns. Several of the blowing dust days had an expected increase in Ez with a reduction of visibility and an increase in PM2.5, wind speed, or wind gusts. But others were more complex without a direct relationship between Ez and PM2.5. Variability of Ez at different time scales was examined, including correlation tests with wind speed, visibility, PM2.5, temperature, or relative humidity for each blowing dust event and overall. The complexity found, including a decorrelation time scale between wind speeds and Ez at relatively high frequencies, emphasizes the sensitivity of the dust events in this region and the dependence on the analysis interval used in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100762
JournalAeolian Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Blowing dust
  • PM
  • Vertical electric field (E)

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