Changes in the expression of renal brush border membrane n-glycome in model rats with chronic kidney diseases

Aiying Yu, Jingfu Zhao, Shiv Pratap S. Yadav, Bruce A. Molitoris, Mark C. Wagner, Yehia Mechref

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined by a reduced renal function i.e., glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the presence of kidney damage is determined by measurement of proteinuria or albuminuria. Albuminuria increases with age and can result from glomerular and/or proximal tubule (PT) alterations. Brush-border membranes (BBMs) on PT cells play an important role in maintaining the stability of PT functions. The PT BBM, a highly dynamic, organized, specialized membrane, contains a variety of glycoproteins required for the functions of PT. Since protein glycosylation regulates many protein functions, the alteration of glycosylation due to the glycan changes has attracted more interests for a variety of disease studies recently. In this work, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was utilized to analyze the abundances of permethylated glycans from rats under control to mild CKD, severe CKD, and diabetic conditions. The most significant differences were observed in sialylation level with the highest present in the severe CKD and diabetic groups. Moreover, high mannose N-glycans was enriched in the CKD BBMs. Characterization of all the BBM N-glycan changes supports that these changes are likely to impact the functional properties of the dynamic PT BBM. Further, these changes may lead to the potential discovery of glycan biomarkers for improved CKD diagnosis and new avenues for therapeutic treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1677
JournalBiomolecules
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Brush-border membrane
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Glycomics
  • LC-MS/MS
  • Obese and diabetic
  • Proteinuria and hypertension

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