Changes in sugar composition and cellulose content during the secondary cell wall biogenesis in cotton fibers

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Abstract

Two cotton cultivars TX19 and TX55 (Gossypium hirsutum L. cv.) were planted in the greenhouse and fibers were harvested at different stages of development. The percentage of sugars present on the fibers was determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography and the cellulose content was determined using the anthrone method. The percentage of sugars (sucrose, glucose, fructose, and galacturonic acid) showed statistically significant changes during fiber development. The decrease in the percentages of these sugars as the secondary cell wall develops was associated with an increase in the cellulose content. It is important to point out that these analyses were done on intact fibers, no cell wall extractions and purifications were performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalCellulose
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Cotton
  • Fiber development
  • Gossypium
  • Secondary cell wall

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