Challenges to creating an Arabian gulf knowledge economy

Alexander W. Wiseman, Naif H. Alromi, Saleh Alshumrani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

25 Scopus citations


This chapter presents a theoretical and evidence-based investigation of the contribution that national educational systems make to the development of and transition to a knowledge economy in the Arabian Gulf, generally, and Saudi Arabia, specifically. The challenges to creating an Arabian Gulf knowledge economy are twofold. One is a functional and structural challenge of developing a knowledge economy-oriented mass education system. The other is a cultural and contextual challenge of aligning Arabian Gulf expectations, traditions, and norms with institutionalized expectations for knowledge economies. The knowledge economy development challenge that is specific to national versus non-national Gulf populations, information and communication technology (ICT), and formal mass education systems is highlighted. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the role that national innovation systems play in knowledge economy development in the Arabian Gulf countries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation for a Knowledge Society in Arabian Gulf Countries
PublisherJAI Press
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)9781783508334
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameInternational Perspectives on Education and Society
ISSN (Print)1479-3679


  • Cultural context
  • Gulf national citizens
  • Information and communication technology (ICT)
  • Knowledge economy
  • Mass education
  • National innovation systems


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