Chain length dependence of the thermodynamic properties of linear and cyclic alkanes and polymers

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Abstract

The specific heat capacity was measured with step-scan differential scanning calorimetry for linear alkanes from pentane (C 5H 12) to nonadecane (C 19H 40), for several cyclic alkanes, for linear and cyclic polyethylenes, and for a linear and a cyclic polystyrene. For the linear alkanes, the specific heat capacity in the equilibrium liquid state decreases as chain length increases; above a carbon number N of 10 (decane) the specific heat asymptotes to a constant value. For the cyclic alkanes, the heat capacity in the equilibrium liquid state is lower than that of the corresponding linear chains and increases with increasing chain length. At high enough molecular weights, the heat capacities of cyclic and linear molecules are expected to be equal, and this is found to be the case for the polyethylenes and polystyrenes studied. In addition, the thermal properties of the solid-liquid and the solid-solid transitions are examined for the linear and cyclic alkanes; solid-solid transitions are observed only in the odd-numbered alkanes. The thermal expansion coefficients and the specific volumes of the linear and cyclic alkanes are also calculated from literature data and compared with the trends in the specific heats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number084907
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume122
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

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