Causal attributions for success and failure among athletes: Validation of the croatian version of the revised causal dimension scale (cds-ii)

Rebeka Prosoli, Benjamin Banai, Renata Barić, Marc Lochbaum, Sydney Cooper, Margareta Jelić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Study Aim Material and Methods Results Conclusions: Researchers since the late 1970s have been interested in finding out the reasons attributed to outcomes. To facilitate attribution research in Croatia we translated and validated The Revised Causal Dimension Scale (CDS-II) and examined its invariance when attributing most and least successful competition performances. To achieve our stated aim, 384 kinesiology students completed the translated CDS-II. To test the latent structure of the questionnaire, we used CFA and tested two alternative models (orthogonal solution and model with correlated latent variables). Additionally, we examined the CDS-II invariance when attributing the most and the least successful competition performance in sport using longitudinal CFA. The reliability was tested using Cronbach alpha coefficients. Lastly, we tested differences in latent means between most and least successful performance using pairwise t-test. Similar to the originally published findings, CFA indicated the CDS-II structure with correlated latent variables had an adequate and better fit than the orthogonal solution in both situations. Furthermore, we confirmed configural, metric and scalar invariance, as well as partial strict invariance since one item’s residuals differed significantly from the others. Cronbach alpha coefficients were adequate across both situations. Lastly, athletes attributed their most successful performances to more internal, stable and controllable reasons than their least successful performances. We confirmed that the Croatian version of the CDS-II has adequate psychometric properties and is therefore suitable for research in sport situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalPedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2021

Keywords

  • Achievement
  • Causal attributions
  • Competition
  • Performance
  • Reasons

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