Carbonatite in a post-collisional tectonic setting: Geochronology and emplacement conditions at Naantali, SW Finland

Jeremy Woodard, Callum J. Hetherington

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New geochronological data from monazite and zircon in the Naantali carbonatite, southwest Finland is presented. Inclusion free, light pink, gemmy zircon grains were analysed with the ion microprobe. The zircon data indicate that carbonatite emplacement occurred at 1796 ± 9. Ma (2. σ). The calcite-prehnite-epidote-actinolite assemblage in the Naantali fenites indicates emplacement was in the upper crust at pressures of <2. kbar. This is the earliest age reported for upper-crustal magmatism related to tectonic extension in southwest Finland. Fluorapatite phenocrysts displaying irregular zoning patterns and inclusion-rich alteration zones were analysed by electron microprobe. Unaltered domains of the fluorapatite are enriched in Th-Si-LREEs and have positive Eu anomalies. Altered domains have lower concentrations of Th, Si and the LREEs and contain inclusions of monazite-(Ce), quartz, allanite-(Ce) ± bastnäsite-(Ce). The textures of the altered domains are characteristic of dissolution-reprecipitation reactions that indicate disequilibrium between early fluorapatite and late carbonatitic fluid. Electron probe microanalysis total U-Th-Pb ages for monazite inclusions in the fluorapatite are 1797 ± 34. Ma (2. σ). Correlation of the zircon age data with field relationships and textural observations indicates that fluorapatite alteration occurred via reaction with late magmatic fluid during dyke emplacement and crystallisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-107
Number of pages14
JournalPrecambrian Research
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Carbonatite
  • Dissolution-reprecipitation
  • Geochronology
  • Monazite
  • Zircon


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