Capillary enzymophoresis of nucleic acid fragments using coupled capillary electrophoresis and capillary enzyme microreactors having surface‐immobilized RNA‐modifying enzymes

Yehia Mechref, Ziad El Rassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report describes the coupling of capillary enzyme reactors to capillary electrophoresis, which is termed capillary enzymophoresis. In the present study, the capillary enzyme reactors were prepared by immobilizing RNA‐modifying enzymes, e.g., RNase T1 and RNase U2, on the inner walls of 50 μm fused‐silica capillaries. These microreactors served to selectively modify the solutes (or substrates) before entering the separation capillary. Capillary enzymophoresis using single or mixed enzyme reactors proved useful in identifying minute amounts of dinucleotides as well as the fingerprinting of tRNAs. The immobilized RNase T1 and RNase U2 displayed their usual enzymic activities toward RNA fragments and in addition exhibited different activity‐pH dependency than the soluble enzymes. This was attributed to microenvironmental effects arising from the charged nature of the capillary walls in the close proximity of the immobilized enzymes. The enzyme reactors were reusable for several RNA samples and showed chemical and thermal stability .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2164-2171
Number of pages8
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Capillary enzyme reactor
  • Capillary enzymophoresis
  • Dinucleotides
  • Immobilized enzymes
  • RNA modifying enzymes
  • tRNA

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