Caballerismo may protect against the role of machismo on Mexican day laborers' self-esteem

Lizette Ojeda, Brandy Piña-Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The current study examined the role of sociodemographic factors of income, education level, and immigration status, as well as bilinear Latino masculinity (i.e., machismo and caballerismo) on selfesteem among 70 Mexican day laborers. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed in the final model that immigration status was a significant negative predictor of self-esteem, whereas caballerismo was significantly positively related to self-esteem. An interaction effect between machismo and caballerismo suggested that caballerismo served as a protective factor against the role of machismo on self-esteem. In addition, findings suggested men who scored low or high on both machismo and caballerismo scored higher on self-esteem than men who scored high or low on one but not the other. Implications for practice and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Men and Masculinity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Day laborers
  • Latino men
  • Machismo
  • Masculinity
  • Self-esteem


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