Buoyant effects on fluid flow and heat transfer in separating flows

Eung R. Seo, Siva Parameswaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Numerical investigation has been performed to determine the influence of the buoyant effect on the mixed convection qualitatively. The standard k-ε model with standard wall function is used to predict buoyancy flows through a backward-facing step for various Richardson numbers. Eddy-diffusivity concept is used in modeling for buoyant term. Momentum equation for the velocity field and the energy equation for the temperature field are solved simultaneously because of strong coupling between temperature and velocity. The reattachment lengths for laminar and turbulent flows are calculated and the Nusselt numbers and drag coefficients are examined for each case. Various separation patterns as well as vortex shedding are observed after a critical Richardson number. Numerical solution showed that the buoyant-induced vortex shedding enhanced the heat transfer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FED
StatePublished - 2000


  • Buoyancy
  • CFD
  • Turbulent flow
  • Vortex shedding


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