Bristle patterning in Drosophila

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 5000 bristles that protrude from the cuticle of a Drosophila adult function as either mechanosensors or chemosensors, and they are arranged in surprisingly intricate patterns. Development of the patterns appears to involve five stages: (1) establishment of a coordinate system of ‘positional information’; (2) partitioning of the epidermis into areas where bristles either can or cannot originate; (3) selection of one or more bristle mother cells within each permissible area; (4) suppression of bristle development in the neighborhood of each mother cell; and (5) differentiation of the mother cell to produce four or more descendant cells, each of which forms part of the bristle apparatus. Some of the genes that control these events participate in more than one stage, and others play key roles in roles in seemingly unrelated developmental pathways, including embryonic neurogenesis, body segmentation, and sex determination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-640
Number of pages8
JournalBioEssays
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

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