Bridge deflection monitoring using small, low-cost radar sensors

Shanyue Guan, Jennifer Rice, Changzhi Li, Guochao Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to accurately measure bridge deflections is an important aspect of bridge monitoring and maintenance, both in the US and internationally. Static deck deflections are used to provide load ratings while dynamic deflection measurements may be used to track changes in the dynamic behavior of the bridge due to environmental, loading, and condition changes. Directly measuring bridge deflection has proven challenging, requiring either a fixed reference point or the use of non-contact laser sensors. This presentation introduces wireless, continuous wave radar sensors developed for bridge monitoring applications. The small, bridge-mounted sensors provide a practical and low-cost solution for a range of measurement conditions. As the bridge moves, the radars send a continuous wave that is reflected by a stationary target (either the ground below or a fixed transponder, depending on the application). The reflected signal contains the information necessary to extract the bridge motion. While the theoretical operation is straightforward, there are challenges associated with signal demodulation and data processing in the presence of noise due to interference or long detection ranges. Characterization of the static and dynamic performance of the radar is presented, as well as guidelines for their practical application. The audience of this presentation will be both researchers and practitioners working to improve bridge inspection and monitoring practices. Specifically, the audience will learn about a novel technology to improve bridge testing, gain an understanding of the advantages and challenges of applying radar technology to structural monitoring, and be presented with strategies for achieving a network of distributed radar sensors to capture bridge responses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructures Congress 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 Structures Congress
EditorsGlenn R. Bell, Matt A. Card
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages2853-2862
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780784413357
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
EventStructures Congress 2014 - Boston, United States
Duration: Apr 3 2014Apr 5 2014

Publication series

NameStructures Congress 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 Structures Congress

Conference

ConferenceStructures Congress 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston
Period04/3/1404/5/14

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