Brain-computer interfaces based on the steady-state visual-evoked response

Matthew Middendorf, Grant McMillan, Gloria Calhoun, Keith S. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

575 Scopus citations


The Air Force Research Laboratory has implemented and evaluated two brain-computer interfaces (BCI's) that translate the steady-state visual evoked response into a control signal for operating a physical device or computer program. In one approach, operators self-regulate the brain response; the other approach uses multiple evoked responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2000


  • Brain-computer interface (BCI)
  • Human-computer interface
  • Neural self- regulation


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