Bounding the time delay between high-energy neutrinos and gravitational-wave transients from gamma-ray bursts

Bruny Baret, Imre Bartos, Boutayeb Bouhou, Alessandra Corsi, Irene Di Palma, Corinne Donzaud, Véronique Van Elewyck, Chad Finley, Gareth Jones, Antoine Kouchner, Szabolcs Márka, Zsuzsa Márka, Luciano Moscoso, Eric Chassande-Mottin, Maria Alessandra Papa, Thierry Pradier, Peter Raffai, Jameson Rollins, Patrick Sutton

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69 Scopus citations


We derive a conservative coincidence time window for joint searches of gravitational-wave (GW) transients and high-energy neutrinos (HENs, with energies ≳100 GeV), emitted by gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The last are among the most interesting astrophysical sources for coincident detections with current and near-future detectors. We take into account a broad range of emission mechanisms. We take the upper limit of GRB durations as the 95% quantile of the T90's of GRBs observed by BATSE, obtaining a GRB duration upper limit of ∼150 s. Using published results on high-energy (>100 MeV) photon light curves for 8 GRBs detected by Fermi LAT, we verify that most high-energy photons are expected to be observed within the first ∼150 s of the GRB. Taking into account the breakout-time of the relativistic jet produced by the central engine, we allow GW and HEN emission to begin up to 100 s before the onset of observable gamma photon production. Using published precursor time differences, we calculate a time upper bound for precursor activity, obtaining that 95% of precursors occur within ∼250 s prior to the onset of the GRB. Taking the above different processes into account, we arrive at a time window of tHEN - tGW ∈ [-500 s, +500 s]. Considering the above processes, an upper bound can also be determined for the expected time window of GW and/or HEN signals coincident with a detected GRB, tGW - tGRB ≈ tHEN - tGRB ∈ [-350 s, +150 s]. These upper bounds can be used to limit the coincidence time window in multimessenger searches, as well as aiding the interpretation of the times of arrival of measured signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Gamma-ray burst
  • Gravitational wave
  • High-energy neutrino
  • Multimessenger
  • Time window


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