After completing this chapter, you should have an understanding of the following: The difference between normal body image concerns, body dissatisfaction, and the preoccupation with body image concerns, or a pathological concern for thinness. Mediating factors that contribute to body image dissatisfaction in females. Prepubertal, adolescent, young adult, midlife, and older adult body image concerns. Clinical assessment tools for the evaluation of body image. Effective body image education and management programs referenced in the scientific literature.