Biological investigations in Lechuguilla Cave

Diana E. Northrup, Deborah L. Carr, M. Tad Crocker, Kimberley I. Cunningham, Lauraine K. Hawkins, Patricia Leonard, W. Calvin Welbourn

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

A biological inventory of Lechuguilla Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico, was conducted. Various studies concentrated on the identification of invertebrates, fungi, and bacteria inhabiting the Entrance Pit and the Dark Zone of the cave. Invertebrates found in the Entrance Pit included a variety of accidental species (Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera (ants), and Orthoptera (grasshoppers)), and several trogloxenic, troglophilic, and troglobitic species (camel crickets, rhadine beetles, mites, collembolans, and millipedes). A number of spider species were found, many of which are probably residents. Dark Zone invertebrates were limited to two species of camel crickets, and one species each of rhadine beetle, collembolan, dipluran, mite, and centipede. Thirty-seven different species of fungi in 13 different genera were cultured from a variety of habitats in the cave. Preliminary bacterial investigations identified 10 different bacteria from pools and corrosion residues. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalNSS Bulletin
Volume56
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994

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    Northrup, D. E., Carr, D. L., Crocker, M. T., Cunningham, K. I., Hawkins, L. K., Leonard, P., & Welbourn, W. C. (1994). Biological investigations in Lechuguilla Cave. NSS Bulletin, 56(2), 54-63.