Beyond structured observation: Methodological issues and new directions

Mark J. Martinko, William L. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Structured observation studies of managers and supervisors completed be/ore Mintzberg (1968), Mintzberg's work (1968, 1973), and recent contributions are reviewed. Integration of the results of this body of literature reveals several severe limitations with methods currently in use. Methodologies are suggested that complement or build on structured observation as a technique for understanding the nature of managerial work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-695
Number of pages20
JournalAcademy of Management Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1985


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