Benchmarking the calculation of electrically insulating properties of complex gas mixtures using a multi-term Boltzmann equation model

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Abstract

The accurate calculation of DC breakdown voltage thresholds solely from elementary electron-neutral interactions in complex gas mixtures using a multi-term Boltzmann equation (BE) kinetic model is demonstrated. SF6:N2 mixtures in the 100 Td < E/N < 400 Td field regime are explored to benchmark the model's effectiveness. A ten-term BE model is found to yield DC breakdown voltages which, on average, agree within 3% of experimental measurements. A two-term BE model is also applied in order to characterize the error introduced in all calculations by the two-term approximation. These discrepancies are largest in pure N2 where error is greater than 10% for diffusion coefficients, within 6% for particular vibrational rate coefficients, and within 5% for breakdown voltages. However, this error falls to within 1% for most parameters and breakdown voltages in mixtures with large SF6 content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015201
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2021

Keywords

  • Boltzmann equation
  • high voltage discharge
  • sulfur hexafluoride

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