Bayesian multiple testing for two-sample multivariate endpoints

Mithat Gönen, Peter H. Westfall, Wesley O. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In clinical studies involving multiple variables, simultaneous tests are often considered where both the outcomes and hypotheses are correlated. This article proposes a multivariate mixture prior on treatment effects, that allows positive probability of zero effect for each hypothesis, correlations among effect sizes, correlations among binary outcomes of zero versus nonzero effect, and correlations among the observed test statistics (conditional on the effects). We develop a Bayesian multiple testing procedure, for the multivariate two-sample situation with unknown covariance structure, and obtain the posterior probabilities of no difference between treatment regimens for specific variables. Prior selection methods and robustness issues are discussed in the context of a clinical example.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Bayesian t-test
  • Efficacy
  • Model selection
  • Multiple comparisons
  • Posterior probability


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