Bauhaus Internationalism to College Town Modernism: Exploring Bauhaus Culture in Hajjar’s Hybrid Architecture

Mahyar Hadighi, Jose Duarte

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze William Hajjar’s single-family houses in State College, PA, and compare them with the European modernist work of Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer in the United States. This analysis is performed using shape grammars as a computational design methodology. Hajjar was a member of the architecture faculty at the Pennsylvania State University, a practitioner in State College, and an influential figure in the history of architecture in the area. Shape grammars are used specifically to verify and describe the influences of Bauhaus/European modernism on Hajjar’s domestic architecture. The focus is on establishing Hajjar’s single-family architectural language and comparing it to the architectural language of Gropius (Gropius-Breuer partnership) as the founder of the Bauhaus architecture and a prominent practitioner in introducing European modernism to American architecture students in the mid-twentieth century like Hajjar.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer-Aided Architectural Design. “Hello, Culture” - 18th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2019, Selected Papers
EditorsJi-Hyun Lee
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Pages429-443
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9789811384097
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Event18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures, CAAD Futures 2019 - Daejeon, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 26 2019Jun 28 2019

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1028
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937

Conference

Conference18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures, CAAD Futures 2019
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityDaejeon
Period06/26/1906/28/19

Keywords

  • Bauhaus modernism
  • Modern architecture
  • Shape grammar
  • Walter Gropius
  • William Hajjar

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    Hadighi, M., & Duarte, J. (2019). Bauhaus Internationalism to College Town Modernism: Exploring Bauhaus Culture in Hajjar’s Hybrid Architecture. In J-H. Lee (Ed.), Computer-Aided Architectural Design. “Hello, Culture” - 18th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2019, Selected Papers (pp. 429-443). (Communications in Computer and Information Science; Vol. 1028). Springer-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8410-3_30