Bats are not squirrels: revisiting the cost of cooling in hibernating mammals

Catherine G Haase, Nathan W Fuller, David TS Hayman, C Reed Hranac, Sarah H Olson, Raina K Plowright, Liam McGuire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many species use stored energy to hibernate through periods of resource limitation. Hibernation, a physiological state characterized by depressed metabolism and body temperature, is critical to winter survival and reproduction, and therefore has been extensively quantified and modeled. Hibernation consists of alternating phases of extended periods of torpor (low body temperature, low metabolic rate), and energetically costly periodic arousals to normal body temperature. Arousals consist of multiple phases: warming, euthermia, and cooling. Warming and euthermic costs are regularly included in energetic models, but although cooling to torpid body temperature is an important phase of the torpor-arousal cycle, it is often overlooked in energetic models. When included, cooling cost is assumed to be 67% of warming cost, an assumption originally derived from a single study that measured cooling cost in ground squirrels. Since this study, the same proportional value has been assumed across a
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-193
JournalJournal of Thermal Biology
StatePublished - Mar 12 2019


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