Basing perceptual decisions on the most informative sensory neurons

Miranda Scolari, John T. Serences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single unit recording studies show that perceptual decisions are often based on the output of sensory neurons that are maximally responsive (or "tuned") to relevant stimulus features. However, when performing a difficult discrimination between two highly similar stimuli, perceptual decisions should instead be based on the activity of neurons tuned away from the relevant feature (off-channel neurons) as these neurons undergo a larger firing rate change and are thus more informative. To test this hypothesis, we measured feature-selective responses in human primary visual cortex (V1) using functional magnetic resonance imaging and show that the degree of off-channel activation predicts performance on a difficult visual discrimination task. Moreover, this predictive relationship between off-channel activation and perceptual acuity is not simply the result of extensive practice with a specific stimulus feature (as in studies of perceptual learning). Instead, relying on the output of the most informative sensory neurons may represent a general, and optimal, strategy for efficiently computing perceptual decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2266-2273
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

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