A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, catalase- and oxidase-positive, endospore-forming, facultatively anaerobic rod, designated strain JSM 100118T, was isolated from an oyster (Crassostrea hongkongensis) collected from the tidal flat of Naozhou Island in the South China Sea. Strain JSM 100118T was able to grow with 0-13 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-5 %), at pH 5.5-10.0 (optimum pH 7.5) and at 5-50°C (optimum 30-35°C). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 and the major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0,C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω11c. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unknown glycolipid and an unknown phospholipid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 35.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain JSM 100118T belonged to the genus Bacillus, and was most closely related to Bacillus litoralis SW-211T (98.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Bacillus halosaccharovorans E33T (98.3 %), Bacillus niabensis 4T19T (97.8 %) and Bacillus herbersteinensis D-1,5aT (97.1 %). The combination of results from the phylogenetic analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization, and phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterization supported the conclusion that strain JSM 100118T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus crassostreae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JSM 100118T (=CCTCC AB 2010452T=DSM 24486T=JCM 17523T).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|State||Published - Jun 27 2015|