Automatic liver segmentation from abdominal CT volumes using improved convolution neural networks

Zhe Liu, Kai Han, Zhaohui Wang, Jing Zhang, Yuqing Song, Xu Yao, Deqi Yuan, Victor S. Sheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Segmentation of the liver from abdominal CT images is an essential step for computer-aided diagnosis and surgery planning. The U-Net architecture is one of the most well-known CNN architectures which achieved remarkable successes in both medical and biological image segmentation domain. However, it does not perform well when the target area is small or partitioned. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture, called dense feature selection U-Net (DFS U-Net), which addresses this challenging problem. Specifically, The Hounsfield unit values were windowed in a range to exclude irrelevant organs, and then use the pre-processed data to train our proposed DFS U-Net model. To further improve the segmentation accuracy of the small region and disconnected regions of interests with limited training datasets, we improve the loss function by adding a parameter to the formula. With respect to the ground truth, the Dice score ratio can reach over 94.9% for the liver. Our experimental results demonstrate its potential in clinical usage with high effectiveness, robustness and efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-124
Number of pages14
JournalMultimedia Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Automatic liver segmentation
  • DFS U-Net
  • Feature selection
  • Threshold deconvolution


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