Authentic Leadership

William L. Gardner, James D. Carlson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Authentic leadership is a pattern of leader behavior that includes self-awareness, balanced processing of information, relational transparency with followers, and an internalized moral perspective. Authentic leader-follower relationships arise when both leaders and their followers remain true to their inner thoughts, beliefs, and experiences. Empirical research has established positive relationships between authentic leadership and positive individual (e.g., engagement, job satisfaction, job performance), group (e.g., teamwork), and organizational (e.g., financial performance) outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015


  • Authentic followership
  • Authentic leadership
  • Authentic leadership development
  • Authenticity
  • Balanced processing
  • Internalized moral perspective
  • Psychological well-being
  • Relational transparency
  • Self-awareness
  • Work engagement


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