Associations of ethnic discrimination with symptoms of anxiety and depression among Hispanic emerging adults: a moderated mediation model

Miguel Ángel Cano, Yessenia Castro, Marcel A. de Dios, Seth J. Schwartz, Elma I. Lorenzo-Blanco, Angelica M. Roncancio, Marcos J. Martinez, Diana M. Sheehan, Rehab Auf, Brandy Piña-Watson, Que Lam Huynh, Byron L. Zamboanga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Emerging adulthood is often marked with elevated symptoms of anxiety and depression. Hispanic emerging adults may face cultural stressors such as ethnic discrimination that further increase levels of anxiety and depression symptoms. The study aims were to examine if (a) self-esteem mediated effects of ethnic discrimination on symptoms of anxiety and depression, and (b) if gender moderated the indirect effects of discrimination. Design: The study design was cross-sectional self-report. Method: Two moderated mediation models were tested, with 1084 Hispanic emerging adults (ages 18–25) enrolled in institutions of post-secondary in the United States. Results: Results indicated that (a) higher ethnic discrimination was associated with higher anxiety symptoms (β =.05, p =.04), higher depression symptoms (β =.06, p =.02), and lower self-esteem (β = −.30, p <.001); (b) self-esteem mediated the associations of ethnic discrimination with anxiety and depression symptoms; and (c) gender moderated the indirect effects of discrimination, whereby self-esteem was a stronger mediator among men than women. Each moderated mediation model explained 26% of variability in symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively. Conclusions: Findings suggest that the mediating effects of self-esteem linking ethnic discrimination with symptoms of anxiety and depression vary between genders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-707
Number of pages9
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Hispanics
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • emerging adults
  • ethnic discrimination
  • self-esteem

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    Cano, M. Á., Castro, Y., de Dios, M. A., Schwartz, S. J., Lorenzo-Blanco, E. I., Roncancio, A. M., Martinez, M. J., Sheehan, D. M., Auf, R., Piña-Watson, B., Huynh, Q. L., & Zamboanga, B. L. (2016). Associations of ethnic discrimination with symptoms of anxiety and depression among Hispanic emerging adults: a moderated mediation model. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 29(6), 699-707. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2016.1157170