Associations between the repressive adaptive style and self-reported hope in Mexican American and Euro-American children

Ric G. Steele, Jason Van Allen, Eric R. Benson, Heather L. Hunter, Diane McDermott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large literature has examined the associations between Weinberger, Schwartz, and Davidson's (1979) repressive adaptive style (RAS) construct and various self-report measures of distress or unpleasant emotional states in adults and children. Fewer investigations have examined the role of RAS in self-reported positive psychology constructs. In this investigation, we used Weinberger et al.'s (1979) categorical typology to examine the associations between adaptive style and hope in Euro-American (n = 60) and Mexican American (n = 49) children (M age = 11.4 years) who were students at 1 of 3 parochial schools in a large Midwestern city. Partially supporting the hypotheses, a univariate 2 (ethnic group) × 2 (repressor group) analysis of variance indicated a significant main effect for adaptive style group but no significant main effect for ethnic group and no significant interaction effect. Results extend the literature on the associations between adaptive style and self-report instruments and indicate that (similar to self-reported measures of distress) self-reported hope may be subject to social desirability bias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-381
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

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