Associations between circulating levels of natural antibodies, total serum immunoglobulins, and polymorphonuclear leukocyte function in early postpartum dairy cows

T. H. Silva, M. L. Celestino, P. R. Menta, R. C. Neves, M. A. Ballou, V. S. Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between natural antibodies (NAbs) and total serum immunoglobulins (Igs) concentrations (both from IgG and IgM isotypes), with variables of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) function of dairy cows in the early postpartum period. Seventy-five healthy postpartum dairy cows at 2 ± 1 days in milk were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Natural and total antibodies in serum samples were measured by ELISA. Flow cytometry was used to determine the phagocytosis and oxidative burst capacities of PMN and the quantification of the adhesion molecule L-selectin. Leukocyte count and differentials, and serum haptoglobin were also measured. A positive correlation between NAbsIgM and total serum IgM and between NAbsIgM and NAbsIgG were found. Before performing the associations between circulating Igs concentrations and PMN function variables, cows were categorized into having low, medium or high circulating antibodies based on their NAbs and total Igs serum concentrations. None of the PMN variables assessed differed between low, medium, and high cows for both NAbsIgM and NAbsIgG. While associations between PMNs function and total IgG were not observed, some associations between total IgM concentrations and PMN activity were found. Cows with high serum IgM had greater phagocytic activity compared to cows in the low IgM group. Finally, the proportion of PMN that performed oxidative burst and PMN surface expression of L-selectin intensity was greater in high total IgM group when compared to medium and low groups. In conclusion, association between NAbs, and PMN activity variables were not observed, but total serum IgM was associated to some PMN function variables in early post-partum dairy cows.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110026
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume222
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Immunology
  • Natural antibodies
  • Oxidative burst
  • Phagocytosis

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