Crossbred steers (n = 1, 183, mean initial BW = 320 ± 33 kg) were used in an observational study to determine associations between implanting abnormalities and feedlot growth performance. Initial implant status (determined by palpation) was recorded during administration of a terminal implant. Status of the terminal implant was recorded 21 d after reimplant, post-mortem in a packing plant, and post-mortem in a laboratory. At each of the four examinations, implants were classified by palpation as either: 1) normal, 2) abscessed, 3) bunched pellets, 4) separated pellets, 5) partial retention, 6) total failed retention, 7) placed in the cartilage, 8) placed in the inner 1/3 of the ear, or 9) fluid-filled. Least square means for ADG were determined for both the initial period (d 0 to 59) and the terminal period (d 60 to harvest) using initial BW, reimplant BW, pen, health status, liver status, lung status, and implant status as covariates. Average daily gain for the initial period did not differ (P>0.40) across implant status. In the overall model, there was a trend (P<0.10) for d 60 to harvest ADG to be affected by implant status. In pair-wise least square means comparisons of implant defects, only missing implants, compared with normal implants or abscessed implants, showed less gain (P<0.05) in both laboratory and packing plant palpation models.
- Feedlot Steers
- Growth Performance