Assessment of volatile compounds, neutral and polar lipid fatty acids of four beef muscles from USDA Choice and Select graded carcasses and their relationships with consumer palatability scores and intramuscular fat content

M. R. Hunt, J. F. Legako, T. T.N. Dinh, A. J. Garmyn, T. G. O'Quinn, C. H. Corbin, R. J. Rathmann, J. C. Brooks, M. F. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fatty acids (FA) in neutral and polar lipids (NL and PL) and volatile compounds were determined in Gluteus medius (GM), Longissimus lumborum (LL), Serratus ventralis (SV), and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles from upper 2/3 USDA Choice and Select quality grades (QG). Concentrations of NL FA (mg/g) were influenced by intramuscular fat (IMF) content being greater in upper 2/3 Choice compared with Select. The SV contained greater concentrations of NL FA; meanwhile, the SM contained the lowest quantities of NL FA. Percentages (g/100 g of total FA) of NL SFA and MUFA were increased in beef with greater IMF content. Concentrations and percentages of PL FA had muscle specific differences between QG. Volatile compounds were primarily affected by muscle. Increases in SFA and MUFA were related with consumer liking, regardless of lipid fraction. Overall the influence of QG on SFA and MUFA was muscle specific. Therefore, each muscle may require specific considerations when considering FA, volatile compounds, and ultimately consumer liking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-101
Number of pages11
JournalMeat Science
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Fatty acids
  • Flavor
  • Lipid fraction
  • Muscle
  • USDA quality grade
  • Volatile compounds

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