Applications and safety considerations of Lactobacillus salivarius as a probiotic in animal and human health

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Abstract

The goals of this review are to summarize the current knowledge on the application of Lactobacillus salivarius as a probiotic in animals and humans, and to address safety concerns with its use on live hosts. Overall, several strains of L. salivarius are well established probiotics with multiple applications in animal health, particularly to reduce colonization by gastrointestinal pathogens, and to a lesser extent, as a production and quality aid. In humans, L. salivarius has been used to prevent and treat a variety of chronic diseases, including asthma, cancer, atopic dermatitis and halitosis, and to a much limited extent, to prevent or treat infections. Based on the results from primary research evidence, it seems that L. salivarius does not pose a health risk to animals or humans in the doses currently used for a variety of applications; however, there is a systematic lack of studies assuring the safety of many of the strains intended for clinical use. This review provides researchers in the field with up-to-date information regarding applications and safety of L. salivarius. Furthermore, it helps researchers identify knowledge gaps and potential opportunities for microbiological and clinical research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-28
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Lactobacillus salivarius
  • animal health
  • human health
  • probiotics
  • safety assessment

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