Anomalous cold in the Pangaean tropics

Gerilyn S. Soreghan, Michael J. Soreghan, Christopher J. Poulsen, Roger A. Young, Cortland F. Eble, Dustin E. Sweet, Oswaldo C. Davogustto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The late Paleozoic archives the greatest glaciation of the Phanerozoic. Whereas high-latitude Gondwanan strata preserve widespread evidence for continental ice, the Permo-Carboniferous tropics have long been considered analogous to today's: warm and shielded from the highlatitude cold. Here, we report on glacial and periglacial indicators that record episodes of freezing continental temperatures in western equatorial Pangaea. An exhumed glacial valley and associated deposits record direct evidence for glaciation that extended to low paleoelevations in the ancestral Rocky Mountains. Furthermore, the Permo-Carboniferous archives the only known occurrence of widespread tropical loess in Earth's history; the volume, chemistry, and provenance of this loess(ite) is most consistent with glacial derivation. Together with emerging indicators for cold elsewhere in low-latitude Pangaea, these results suggest that tropical climate was not buffered from the high latitudes and may record glacial-interglacial climate shifts of very large magnitude. Coupled climate-ice sheet model simulations demonstrate that low atmospheric CO2 and solar luminosity alone cannot account for such cold, and that other factors must be considered in attempting to explain this "best-known" analogue to our present Earth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-662
Number of pages4
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2008


  • Ancestral Rocky Mountains
  • Cutler formation
  • Equatorial
  • Glaciation
  • Gondwana
  • Late Paleozoic
  • Paleoclimate
  • Pangaea
  • Paradox basin
  • Pennsylvanian
  • Permian
  • Permo-Carboniferous
  • Tropical
  • Unaweep Canyon
  • Uncompahgre uplift


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