Analysis of the influence of nanometric aluminium particle vaporisation on flame propagation in bulk powder media

B. Dikici, M. L. Pantoya, B. D. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The combustion of nanometric aluminium (Al) powder with an oxidiser such as molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3) is studied analytically. The analysis was performed to correlate individual Al particle gasification rates to macroscopic flame propagation rates observed in flame tube experiments. Examination of various characteristic times relevant to propagation of a deflagration reveals that particles below about 1.7 nm in diameter evaporate before appreciable chemical reactions occur. Experimental studies used Al particles greater than 1.7 nm in diameter such that a diffusion flame model was developed to better understand the combustion dynamics of multiphase Al particles greater than 1.7 nm diameter relative to experimentally measured macroscopic flame propagation rates. The diffusion flame model predicted orders of magnitude slower propagation rates than experimentally observed. These results imply that (1) another reaction mechanism is responsible for promoting reaction propagation and/or (2) modes other than diffusion play a more dominant role in flame propagation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-481
Number of pages17
JournalCombustion Theory and Modelling
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • aluminium combustion
  • deflagration
  • free molecular flow
  • nanoparticles
  • reaction times

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