Analysis of the error in an iterative algorithm for asymptotic regulation of linear distributed parameter control systems

Eugenio Aulisa, David S. Gilliam, Thanuka W. Pathiranage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Applications of regulator theory are ubiquitous in control theory, encompassing almost all areas of systems and control engineering. Examples include active noise suppression [Banks et al., Decision and Control, Active Noise Control: Piezoceramic Actuators in Fluid/structure Interaction Models, IEEE, Los Alamitos, CA (1991) 2328-2333], design and control of energy efficient buildings [Borggaard et al., Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings. Riverfront, St. Louis, MO (2009) 837-841.] and control of heat exchangers [Aulisa et al., IFAC-PapersOnLine 49 (2016) 104-109.]. Numerous other examples can be found in [Aulisa and Gilliam, A Practical Guide to Geometric Regulation for Distributed Parameter Systems. Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca Raton (2015).]. In the geometric approach to asymptotic regulation the main object of interest is a pair of operator equations called the regulator equations, whose solution provides a control solving the tracking/disturbance rejection regulation problem. In this paper we present an iterative algorithm, called the β-iteration method, which is based on the geometric methodology, and delivers accurate control laws for approximate asymptotic regulation. This iterative scheme has been successfully applied to a wide range of linear and nonlinear multi-physics examples and in practice only one or two iterations are usually required to deliver sufficiently accurate results. One drawback to these research efforts is that no proof was given of the convergence of the method. This work contains a detailed analysis of the error in the iterative scheme for a large class of linear distributed parameter systems. In particular we show that the iterative errors converge at a geometric rate. We demonstrate our estimates on three control problems in multi-physics applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1577-1606
Number of pages30
JournalESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Distributed parameter systems
  • Dynamic regulator equations
  • Geometric control
  • Iterative numerical algorithm
  • Regulator problem


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