Analysis of Pesticides and Toxic Heavy Metals Contained in Mosquito Coils

John Kasumba, Bryan Hettick, Amanda French, Jeffrey K. Wickliffe, Maureen Y. Lichtveld, William B. Hawkins, Alies van Sauers-Muller, David Klein

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In this study, 10 mosquito coils manufactured in China were obtained in Suriname, South America, where they are used extensively. The coils were analyzed for organics (allethrin, permethrin, and butylated hydroxytoluene) and heavy metals (Cr, Co, As, Cd, and Pb) by GC-MS and ICP-MS, respectively. Allethrin was the only target organic compound detected in all mosquito coils with concentrations ranging from ~1900 to ~4500 µg/g. The concentrations of heavy metals varied as follows (in µg/g): Cr: 2.9–9.4, Co: 0.1–1.2, Cu: 0.7–16.1, Se: 0.10–0.4, Ni: 2.1–5.8, As: 0.10–2.2, Cd: 0.10–0.2, and Pb: 1.1–3.6.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)614-618
    Number of pages5
    JournalBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    Volume97
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

    Keywords

    • Allethrin
    • Heavy metal
    • Mosquito coils
    • Permethrin

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