Analysis of asymmetric driving behavior using a self-learning approach

Dali Wei, Hongchao Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


This paper presents a self-learning Support Vector Regression (SVR) approach to investigate the asymmetric characteristic in car-following and its impacts on traffic flow evolution. At the microscopic level, we find that the intensity difference between acceleration and deceleration will lead to a 'neutral line', which separates the speed-space diagram into acceleration and deceleration dominant areas. This property is then used to discuss the characteristics and magnitudes of microscopic hysteresis in stop-and-go traffic. At the macroscopic level, according to the distribution of neutral lines for heterogeneous drivers, different congestion propagation patterns are reproduced and found to be consistent with Newell's car following theory. The connection between the asymmetric driving behavior and macroscopic hysteresis in the flow-density diagram is also analyzed and their magnitudes are shown to be positively related.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part B: Methodological
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Asymmetric driving behavior
  • Hysteresis
  • Neutral line
  • Support Vector Regression


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