Anaerobic bacterial responses to carbonaceous materials and implications for contaminant transformation: Cellular, metabolic, and community level findings

Asef Mohammad Redwan, Kayleigh Millerick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbonaceous materials (CM) enhance the abundance and activity of bacteria capable of persistent organic (micro)pollutant (POP) degradation. This review synthesizes anaerobic bacterial responses to minimally modified CM in non-fuel cell bioremediation applications at three stages: attachment, metabolism, and biofilm genetic composition. Established relationships between biological behavior and CM surface properties are identified, but temporal relationships are not well understood, making it difficult to connect substratum properties and “pioneer” bacteria with mature microorganism-CM systems. Stark differences in laboratory methodology at each temporal stage results in observational, but not causative, linkages as system complexity increases. This review is the first to critically examine relationships between material and cellular properties with respect to time. The work highlights critical knowledge gaps that must be addressed to accurately predict microorganism-CM behavior and to tailor CM properties for optimized microbial activity, critical frontiers in establishing this approach as an effective bioremediation strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125738
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume341
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Anaerobic bacteria
  • Biofilm
  • Carbonaceous materials
  • Microbial community
  • Organic micropollutant

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