An investigation of the use of ethyl chloride and meloxicam to decrease the pain associated with a single or double incision method of castration in piglets

Arlene Garcia, Kiran Niure, John McGlone, Mhairi Sutherland, Gizell Vasquez, Adrian Quintana, Garrett Thompson, Jemma Willis, Shelbie Chandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Castration is a stressful and painful procedure that can impact swine welfare negatively. The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate the effect of one incision compared to two incisions and the use of a topical vapocoolant (VAPO; ethyl chloride; a topical anesthetic) applied before castration and (2) evaluate the most effective combination in reducing pain in objective 1 and the use of Metacam®; meloxicam before castration on measures of performance, behavior, and physiology. Study 1 consisted of six treatment groups (N = 27 pigs per treatment) and included: nothing (NO); sham castrated (SH); one incision castration (C1); one incision castration plus VAPO (C1V); two incision castration (C2); two incision castration plus VAPO (C2V). Body weights and blood samples were taken at baseline and other time points after castration. Behavior measures were collected for 24 h after castration. Wound scores were collected daily for 10 days. The C1 pigs and C1V pigs were sig
Original languageEnglish
Article number1113039
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Medicine
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2023

Keywords

  • behavior
  • castration
  • pain
  • performance
  • physiology
  • pigs
  • vapocoolant

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