The naturally occurring (i.e., self-initiated) episode of self-controlled behavior is a common experience that has received little attention from researchers. Through a structured interview procedure, a demographic questionnaire, and a paper-and-pencil test (Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale), the present study determined those factors and methods that are crucial to successful self-management. 48 male and 48 female college students were interviewed about their attempts to self-control overeating, smoking, studying, or dating; 12 "successful" and 12 "unsuccessful" Ss were interviewed in each problem area. Results indicate the following: (a) Successful self-controllers reported using more techniques for longer periods of time. (b) The use of self-reinforcement procedures was an important discriminant of successful self-management. (c) The methods used by successful self-controllers seemed to vary according to the problem with which they were dealing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- use & variation in use of self control techniques, differentiation between successful vs unsuccessful self controllers, college students