The objective of the experimental investigation was to quantify the axial dispersion of a dilute secondary gas that was subjected to orthogonal thermal and solutal buoyancy gradients in a horizontal annular-like enclosure. Test results showed that a linear axial concentration profile existed at steady-state for the secondary gas. Unheated tests with only solutal buoyancy gradients resulted in a dispersion multiple, DM, of approximately 8 times molecular diffusion. The combined thermal and solutal buoyancy tests, in which a thermal plume from the simulated heater packages aided in mixing, yielded an axial dispersion multiple coefficient of approximately 23 times molecular diffusion, a 188% increase as compared to solutal buoyancy alone. A correlation describing the experimental data trend for the dispersion multiple as a function of buoyancy ratio, N = RaS/RaT, was computed to be D M = 19.2N-0.061, which is valid for for binary mixtures where the solutal and thermal gradients are orthogonal with Pr and Le of order 1, 0 < RaT < 3.5 × 106, and 0.1 < N < 0.6.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|State||Published - 2013|
- Annular-like enclosure
- Enhanced dispersion
- Orthogonal buoyancy forces
- Thermosolutal natural convection