Large-scale coherent structures in a large, single-stream plane mixing layer of air have been investigated experimentally. The unforced, initially fully turbulent mixing layer rolls up into organized structures whose average passage frequency fmat any downstream distance x from the lip depends on x. These structures are detected for the entire length of the measurement, i.e. up to x = 3m or 5OOOθe. The Strouhal number Stθ(= fmθ/Ue) is observed to be a constant (« 0.024) at all x. θeand θ are, respectively, the exit and local momentum thicknesses of the mixing layer, and Ueis the free-stream velocity. (The entrainment velocity on the zero-speed side is found to be 0.032Ue.) The coherent-structure properties are educed in the developing and self-preserving regions of the mixing layer using an optimized conditional-sampling method, triggered on the peaks of a local reference ũ-signal obtained from the high-speed edge of the layer. Sectional-plane contours of the properties of the structure such as coherent vorticity, Reynolds stress and production reveal that the structure formation and evolution are complete by x = 5OOθebeyond which the structure achieves an ‘equilibrium’ state as defined by the structure properties.