An adaptive ARX model to estimate the RUL of aluminum plates based on its crack growth

Diana Barraza-Barraza, Víctor G. Tercero-Gómez, Mario G. Beruvides, Jorge Limón-Robles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


A wide variety of Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM) techniques deal with the problem of predicting the time for an asset fault. Most statistical approaches rely on historical failure data that might not be available in several practical situations. To address this issue, practitioners might require the use of self-starting approaches that consider only the available knowledge about the current degradation process and the asset operating context to update the prognostic model. Some authors use Autoregressive (AR) models for this purpose that are adequate when the asset operating context is constant, however, if it is variable, the accuracy of the models can be affected. In this paper, three autoregressive models with exogenous variables (ARX) were constructed, and their capability to estimate the remaining useful life (RUL) of a process was evaluated following the case of the aluminum crack growth problem. An existing stochastic model of aluminum crack growth was implemented and used to assess RUL estimation performance of the proposed ARX models through extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Point and interval estimations were made based only on individual history, behavior, operating conditions and failure thresholds. Both analytic and bootstrapping techniques were used in the estimation process. Finally, by including recursive parameter estimation and a forgetting factor, the ARX methodology adapts to changing operating conditions and maintain the focus on the current degradation level of an asset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-536
Number of pages18
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • ARX
  • Aluminum plates
  • Bootstrap simulation
  • Condition-Based Maintenance
  • Prognostics
  • Recursive Least Squares
  • Remaining useful life


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