Alcohol Use Severity and Depressive Symptoms among Late Adolescent Hispanics: Testing Associations of Acculturation and Enculturation in a Bicultural Transaction Model

Miguel A. Cano, Marcel A. de Dios, Yessinia Castro, Ellen L. Vaughan, Elma Lorenzo-Blanco, Brandy Watson, Jodi B. Cardoso, Lourdes M. Molleda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research has indicated that Hispanics, compared to non-Hispanic Whites, have higher rates of alcohol risk behavior and depressive symptoms during late adolescence. The purpose of this study was to test a bicultural transaction model composed of two enthnocultural orientations (acculturation and enculturation); and transactions with both the U.S. culture (perceived ethnic discrimination) and Hispanic culture (perceived intragroup marginalization) to predict alcohol use severity and depressive symptoms. A path analysis was conducted on a sample of 129 (men = 39, women = 90) late adolescent Hispanics (ages 18 to 21) enrolled in college. Results from a path analysis indicated that the model accounted for 18.2% of the variance in alcohol use severity and 24.3% of the variance in depressive symptoms. None of the acculturation or enculturation domains had statistically significant direct effects with alcohol use severity or depressive symptoms. However, higher reports of ethnic discriminatio
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
JournalAddictive Behaviors
StatePublished - 2015

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