In conjoining the postcolonial states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964, the newly created state of Tanzania was able to fend off Cold War pressures through a legalistic act of union. At the time, the union shifted American policy discourse away from foreign intervention as a response to communist influence in East Africa. Today, however, very different tropes inhabit the memory of these events in Zanzibar, fueling demands for increased sovereignty. Sovereignty is a discursively constructed concept, and thereby subject to reiteration generating new meanings and new contexts. The Cold War context of the original Tanzanian union treaty has been nearly forgotten in recent debates about Zanzibari sovereignty, now reiterated in a new context of religious and ethnic identity politics animated by distrust of the government.
|Journal||International Journal of African Historical Studies|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2017|