This article utilizes Stone's (1979) treatise on the absence of female consciousness as a theoretical framework to rekindle the conversation on how the residual effects of racism and sexism and the racial and sexual discrimination existing in the American society and in both the feminist and Black movements render African American females and Black feminism virtually invisible in mainstream politics and economics. It links African American women's limited participation in first and second wave White feminism and their continued lack of visibility in third wave feminism in therapy and education to their earlier experiences with White feminism and Black Sexism.
|Number of pages
|Western Journal of Black Studies
|Published - Sep 2005