In this paper, an integrated state-space model of a system with a vector-valued white noise input is presented to describe the dynamic response of bridges under the action of multicorrelated winds. Such a unified model has not been developed before due to a number of innate modeling difficulties. The integrated state-space model is realized based on the state-space models of multicorrelated wind fluctuations, unsteady buffeting and self-excited aerodynamic forces, and the bridge dynamics. Both the equations of motion at the full order in the physical coordinates and at the reduced-order in the generalized modal coordinates are presented. This state-space model allows direct evaluation of the covariance matrix of the response using the Lyapunov equation, which presents higher computational efficiency than the conventional spectral analysis approach. This state-space model also adds time domain simulation of multicorrelated wind fluctuations, the associated unsteady frequency dependent aerodynamic forces, and the attendant motions of the structure. The structural and aerodynamic coupling effects among structural modes can be easily included in the analysis. The model also facilitates consideration of various nonlinearities of both structural and aerodynamic origins in the response analysis. An application of this approach to a long-span cable-stayed bridge illustrates the effectiveness of this scheme for a linear problem. An extension of the proposed analysis framework to include structural and aerodynamic nonlinearities is immediate once the nonlinear structural and aerodynamic characteristics of the bridge are established.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mechanics|
|State||Published - Nov 2001|